By now, many people are familiar with the term ''coronavirus''. Several have already been affected by the virus in one way or the other. However, some are yet to understand what it is.
Coronavirus is a group of germs that cause respiratory difficulty and can be transmitted from animals to humans, and from one person to the other. COVID-19 is one type of these viruses that broke out in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. The disease has, however, infected many more people internationally. Hence, been declared by the WHO as a national pandemic.
Barely four months and the virus has claimed the lives of over 7,500 with over 200,000 confirmed cases. In Italy alone, where the virus has hit hard, over 2,500 infected people are dead. Though a significant number have also recovered, the virus is can be considered as deadly.
Coronavirus has symptoms that are similar to that of the flu. However, having fever and shortness of breath should alert you as you could be suffering from COVID-19. Here are the main signs of corona;
• Breathing difficulties
• Sore throat
According to some of the infected individuals, they describe its symptoms as having an annoying, persistent dry cough and high temperatures. Some are having severe breathing difficulties that can only be controlled in health facilities, while others can manage it at home. A lot of sneezing as well as a sore throat.
They have also acknowledged that the symptoms may be noticeable within two weeks after being exposed to the virus. Therefore, one may already be infected and not realize at the beginning. This is the main reason why all governments are calling out for people to quarantine themselves, and especially if they had traveled abroad, to avoid spreading the virus unknowingly.
The virus may have originated from an animal, such as a bat, or snake according to the scientist, but it's still not clear whether a human can infect the animals. Nevertheless, you're always advised to stay safe by cooking meat thoroughly and avoid animal selling markets. Staying away from your pet is also suitable for its safety.
The outbreak of COVID19 started in china in Hubei capital city known as Wuhan. The disease is highly contagious and is spread through respiratory droplets. Therefore, this explains why it has spread to other countries so fast. WHO has details of all affected countries.
The virus is believed to have come from animals but later spread from one person to the other. The infection is suspected of having come from a seafood market that deals with both live and dead animals.
Other than contacting coronavirus from an infected person, you may also get it through touching surfaces and later touching your eyes, nose, or mouth. The viral particles can still survive on surfaces for about twelve hours and in fabrics for 6-12 hours. Therefore, ensure you disinfect your area more frequently, and clean/sanitize your hands to kill the germs.
Currently, there is no medicine nor vaccine for Covid-19. However, healthcare givers are managing the symptoms by administering oxygen to ease breathing difficulties, painkillers to normalize the temperature. And, through this, people are becoming stable and even testing negative.
Covid-19 is real, and it has affected many people in one way or another. Firstly, almost all the affected nations have announced some changes to try and contain this deadly virus, thus affecting individuals.
One thing that has been announced by most authorities worldwide is the travel restriction. This means no business, as usual, leading to a global economic crisis as well. People are also advised to stay indoors and to avoid contact as well as gatherings, and so their social live is affected too.
Seek medical attention if you develop flu-like symptoms (cough, sneeze), fever or shortness of breath. If you suspect you have contaminated the virus, call your caregiver before the visit and explain your symptoms. They're also likely to know whether you had traveled to places where the corona is already confirmed, or come to contact with any person that has tested COVID-19 positive.
The physicians will then proceed to test you. They will take a specimen from you, then take it to designated labs for analyses. The test may take up to 72 hours to be confirmed, and so this requires your patience. They may need to isolate you for the time being to prevent the disease from spreading. Or, if your symptoms are not severe, they will advise you on how to self-quarantine at home.
If you don't have to be admitted to the hospital, then use a face mask and observe proper hygiene to prevent transmitting the virus to others.
Also, if you have no signs of sickness and you haven't been in contact with anyone from overseas or infected, then you don't have to be tested. Most of the caregivers are already overwhelmed by the confirmed coronavirus cases, and so, they cannot manage to check everyone just to be sure.
Just like ordinary flu, everyone is at risk of contaminating COVID-19. The virus, however, may have severe cases on older adults than in the youth group. People that have other underlying illnesses and low immune systems may also be more affected. Therefore, you're urged to take more vitamin C to boost their immune.
To protect yourselves from contaminating corona, you need to be more cautious about touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. Stay away from the crowd, wash your hands thoroughly using running water and soap. Use hand sanitizers or wipes that has over 60% alcohol, disinfect all frequently touched areas such as door handles, sockets, etc. Cough on a disposable cloth, and keep a social distance.
Having learned what, you need to do, you now need to know how to cope with self-quarantine. So, be sure to stork the above necessities before the situation turns to the worst. Also, have pretty of food in your fridge that can last you for about a month just in case the government announces closure in most places to avoid more spreading of the virus.
Dry food is the most suitable to stork as they’re not perishable. Other commodities that you should ensure you have at home are necessary fever-calm medicine (WHO recommends acetaminophen other than ibuprofen), fruits, and lots of healthy drinks. These are important just in case you catch the virus and need to manage it at home.
Like flu, the COVID19 virus dehydrates your body, making you feel thirst. Make sure you take lots of hot water to hydrate your body as well as relieve a sore throat. It is also suitable for you to rest and eat a lot; the virus may cause weakness and tiredness.
If you can afford, buying an immune booster will be great to make your body able to fight the viruses.
For people with other illnesses, ensure you have more medication indoors as the pharmacy may not be accessible in the worst scenario. All the same, avoid panic as isn't right for you. Be sure to protect those you live with from contaminating the virus by self-isolating. Call a doctor to know how you should handle it. Also, don’t eat or drink in the same cup without cleaning them to minimize the risk.
Last and not least, train your young ones on how to maintain hygiene and clean their hands thoroughly. You may ignore them and take precautions alone only to get infected through them. Have them indoors until things stabilize. After all, many government authorities have already closed down the schools to protect them. So, don't make a mistake of moving with them around as if its holiday time. Always remember you're responsible for their well-being.
Most governments are doing all they can to reduce the spread of covid19. However, your effort matters a lot. Below are some things you can do to keep safe. Elderly peoples and those have other chronic illnesses such as diabetes, Asthma, Arthritis or cancer are more recommended to quarantine themselves as they can develop severe symptoms that can even lead to death.
• Stay indoors.
• Don’t receive guests.
• Avoid crowded places.
• If you have to move out, avoid public mode of transport.
• Wash your hands before eating anything, before entering your house from outside, after visiting the toilet.
• Disinfects surfaces all-around your house, and your car.
• If you have to be in a public place such as a hospital, ensure you keep a distance of about one meter from your neighbor.
• Keep away from anyone who is sneezing, or coughing consistently, or use a face mask if you happen to be a caregiver.
• Take care of your loved ones by advising them to do the same.
• See your doctor if you’re sick.
Without a doubt, several people will die from the illness, as we have witnessed already. However, just like in the previous cases of MERS (Middle East respiratory system) and SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), the new coronavirus storm will soon pass. They will be survivors, and their life will move on.
The Scientifics are working around the clock to find a cure and vaccine for this deadly virus. Though developing a vaccine may take over a year, professionals are doing all they can to save lives.
Covid19 is transmitted from one person to the other through sharing droplets. When you move away from people or keep a distance of around 6 feet, then, there is no way you can get the viral particles that come through their mouth, nose, or eyes.
You’ll also are not likely to come into close contact with sick people through handshaking and so, no risk of getting germs if they have.
If the virus has already hit your country, there is nothing much to do about it. Stay calm, take preventive measures as explained above to protect yourself and others as you wait for the expert to do their part.
Many people are worried about where they're, yet nowhere is safe for the time being. The best thing to do is to remain calm in wherever you're. Also, follow the authority guide for protection.
Traveling at the moment is not the best thing, as we’ve already seen many governments banning traveling to their countries. You may be safer where you're than in an airline. You don't want to return to your loved ones only to bring them more problems by spreading the virus.
The new coronavirus is like flu, though it has more severe cases than a common cold. Scientists have not discovered its treatment nor its vaccine, and that's the main reason why we emphasize prevention rather than cure. Though nurses are handling more severe cases and people are recovering, the disease is spreading very fast, therefore, overwhelming them and so some are just left to die.
Worrying about the situation won’t help. Although sometimes we can’t avoid it, we should try our best to help others understand how important prevention is at this point.
For infected people, take care of yourself as well as others. Take paracetamols and homemade cures such as warm lemon water to ease your cough and to hydrate your body. And, if you develop severe breathing problems, call your hospital for more help. We're positive this pandemic is about to end as in its origin, Wahun, China, cases have reduced, and nurses are already celebrating their achievement.